91. The "Split Wood (Right Half)" Radical: 片

The four-stroke 片 radical (which has no variants) is identical to this kanji:

片 (969: piece; one of two)

The character's Joyo readings かた and ヘン play a role in these radical names:




In the last one, the へん is not the Joyo yomi of 片 but rather corresponds to 偏 (へん: left-side radical), applying in situations such as this one:

版 (770: publishing, printing; edition; printing plate)

Henshall (whose newer edition is the source of all etymological information in this Radical Note) says that the 片 in 版 means "strip," referring to "thin pieces of wood." The 反 (oppose) phonetically contributes the sense "flat, thin," yielding "flat/thin board" as the overall meaning. Henshall asserts that 版 initially "denoted wooden strips/tablets as writing material, paper being very expensive."

We've now encountered the two Joyo kanji in which the 片 radical is on duty.

I like this rendering of 片 and all the other characters here; the slight color variations somehow make for an interesting visual. This manga title is as follows:

Creeping Woodsorrel and the Gold

片喰 (かたばみ: creeping
woodsorrel); 黄金 (こがね: gold)

The first word represents the name of a yellow flower. But that's probably not why all the characters on the cover have gold highlights; the story is about the Gold Rush in California.

Amazon calls this the "Kindle版," where -版 (voiced here as -ばん) means "edition." 

Splitting Wood

Our radical may also have the name みぎかた, which requires some explanation. Here's the ancient form of 木 (tree, wood):

© Richard Sears
LST seal–script version.

Splitting this tree character in half vertically yields pieces now represented by 爿 and 片. These radicals go by unwieldy names in English:

爿: radical 90: "split wood (left half)"

片: radical 91: "split wood (right half)"

Henshall says, "The split is probably conceptual, since to achieve this with ancient tools would have been extremely difficult."

Nelson supplies the radical names ひだりかた for 爿 and みぎかた for 片, which makes sense, as ひだり means "left" and みぎ means "right." But my proofreader can't find evidence that these names exist. 

No Joyo characters feature an on-duty radical 90, so you will not find a Radical Note about 爿. Instead, I'll mention a few things here. 

Radical 90 matches this autonomous non-Joyo kanji:

爿 (a bed made by arranging long, narrow boards)

Henshall tells us that in 床 (1389: bed), which originally had the form 牀, the 爿 depicted the profile view of an upright "stand" or "couch."

The 爿 kanji carries the on-yomi ショウ. Aside from the 爿 character itself, radical 90 occupies the left side of a kanji, always as 丬. In that case, the radical name しょうへん works.

That three-stroke variant appears in these examples, among others:

状 (717: shape), where 犬 (radical 94: "animal") is on duty

将 (899: commander), where 寸 (radical 41: "inch") is on duty

壮 (1514: robust), where 士 (radical 33: "samurai") is on duty