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furthermore; to renew; change; grow late; brand-new; night watch
Kanji 1248

Thank you for visiting this Character Home Page. Below you'll find a synopsis of the essay. If you wish to read the full text, the PDF of the essay is available for purchase to the right.

Synopsis

See how the four Joyo yomi of 更 will take you in very different directions. With ふ•ける and ふ•かす, you can stay up late. With さら, you can talk about what’s new. By adding hiragana to さら, you produce adverbs, such as one for “furthermore.” Finally, コウ means “change” in terms for “renewal,” “revision,” and “rehabilitation.” As a bonus, learn what it means to change clothes in Japan!

Revision history:

June 15, 2021: 

  • p. 1: The introduction is based on the etymology from Henshall’s earlier edition. In his current edition he has utterly changed that etymology! I revised the intro. a bit to reflect that unfortunate state of affairs!
  • p. 2: Updated the Henshall etymology, the Sears image, and the Sears link.
  • p. 7, sidebar: Changed the definitions and breakdown of 更迭. Also slightly changed the translation of the sample sentence in that sidebar.
  • p. 15: In the translation of the second sample sentence, I changed “stimulated” to “encouraged.”
  • p. 17: Added a link to the Kanshudo games.

Feb. 14, 2014: Originally published.

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JOYO ON-YOMI
コウ
JOYO KUN-YOMI
さら, ふ-ける, ふ-かす
STROKES7
RADICAL日 (72: sun)
JLPTN2
HALPERN2205/2967
HENSHALL1248/1323
SPAHN0a7.12