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to shout; threaten
Kanji 1086

Thank you for visiting this Character Home Page. Below you'll find a synopsis of the essay. If you wish to read the full text, the PDF of the essay is available for purchase to the right.

Synopsis

A few words with 喝 are about applauding people, and the rest are about crushing them! Discover the thread connecting terms about (1) cheering for performers and winners; (2) intimidation, threats, and extortion; and (3) a random shout that helps Zen priests achieve enlightenment. Also see how highly religious terms from Zen have made their way into a popular TV sports segment. 

Revision History:

Dec. 12, 2019: Made all these changes:

  • p. 2, Etymology Box: Replaced the old Henshall etymology with the new one.
  • p. 2: "Love and Acclaim Every Day": Changed "Acclaim" to "Acclamation." 
  • p. 3, topmost sidebar: Made wording match that of the same passage on p. 3 of essay 1089.
  • p. 3, Sidebar 1: I had said that 采 typically means “to gather” and that I was surprised to see it as "dice." I now know (after writing essay 2015 on 采) that the primary definition is "dice," so I have rewritten the text to eliminate any indication of surprise. I've also made the wording match that of the corresponding text in essay 2015.
  • p. 3: Deleted sidebar 2 about やんや because my proofreader's sources don't confirm the etymology I had presented there. They just say that やんや is the sound of applause. 
  • p. 12: Deleted a broken link.
  • p. 13: Added a link to the games on Kanshudo.

July 14, 2017: Originally published.

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Kanji PDF
Cover of essay 1086 on 喝, titled "Give a Shout"
Mini Profile
JOYO ON-YOMI
カツ
JOYO KUN-YOMI
None
STROKES11
RADICAL口 (30: mouth)
JLPTN1
HALPERN337/417
HENSHALL1086/1129
SPAHN3d8.8