Jim Breen is an Adjunct Research Fellow in the Japanese Studies Centre at Monash University, Australia. Prior to his retirement he was a professor in the Information Technology Faculty at Monash. In the 1990s Jim established open-source projects for compiling electronic dictionary databases, including the Kanjidic kanji dictionary and the JMdict Japanese-Multilingual Dictionary, which are used by many websites and apps. During 2000 and 2001 he was a visiting professor at the Research Institute for the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA) in the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. He holds the degrees of BSc (mathematics, computer science), MBA and PhD (computational linguistics) from The University of Melbourne, and also completed a Japanese major at Swinburne University.